Windows Key Shortcuts & Commands

key Shortcuts

For Windows 10

Description Windows Key combination
Open the Action center. Win + A
Fast-switch to/from the desktop - minimise all Win + D
Open File Explorer Win + E
Open Settings Win + I
Open Connect Win + K
Switch accounts or lock the PC Win + L
Minimize all Windows Win + M
Open the Run dialog box Win + R
Open Searches Win + S
Open the Quick Link menu, equivalent to right-clicking the Start Menu. Win + X
Snap app windows to the left Win + ←
Snap app windows to the right Win + →
Maximize the app Win + ↑
Minimize the app Win + ↓
Open the app that is pinned to the taskbar in that number’s position Win + a number
Open a quick look at the desktop Win + ,
Add a virtual Desktop Win + Ctrl + D
Switch between virtual desktops Win + Ctrl + ← / →
Close the current virtual Desktop Win + Ctrl + F4
Open Task view Win + Tab
Zoom in Win + +
Zoom out Win + -

Run Commands

Unless indicated otherwise, all the commands above work in all versions of Windows from Vista upwards.Most of these utilities can be found in %systemroot%\System32\

Description Run Command
Backup and Restore Utility sdclt
Calculator calc
Character Map charmap
Command Prompt cmd
Computer Management compmgmt.msc
Control Panel control
Device Manager devmgmt.msc
Direct X Troubleshooter dxdiag
Disk Cleanup Utility cleanmgr
Disk Defragmenter dfrgui
Disk Management diskmgmt.msc
Documents (open ‘My Documents’ folder) documents
Downloads (open ‘Downloads’ folder) downloads
Edit Environment Variables sysdm.cpl
Event Viewer eventvwr.msc
Firewall Control Panel firewall.cpl
Folders Properties control folders
Fonts list control fonts
Internet Properties inetcpl.cpl
IP Configuration ipconfig
Local Security Policy secpol.msc
Local Users and Groups lusrmgr.msc
Log out logoff
Access (Microsoft Office) msaccess
Excel (Microsoft Office) Excel
Powerpoint (Microsoft Office) powerpnt
Word (Microsoft Office) winword
Microsoft Paint mspaint
Mouse Properties main.cpl
Network Connections ncpa.cpl
Notepad notepad
Performance Monitor perfmon.msc
Power Configuration powercfg.cpl
Program Access and Computer Defaults - browser / email / media computerdefaults
Programs and Features appwiz.cpl
Regional Settings - Language, Date/Time format, keyboard locale. intl.cpl
Registry Editor regedit
Remote Assistance msra
Remote Desktop mstsc
Resource Monitor resmon
Security Center wscui.cpl
Services services.msc
Shared Folder Wizard shrpubw
Shared Folders fsmgmt.msc
Shut Down Windows shutdown
Sounds and Audio mmsys.cpl
Sound Volume sndvol
System Configuration Utility msconfig
System Information msinfo32
System Properties sysdm.cpl
Task Manager taskmgr
Task Scheduler taskschd.msc
Telnet Client telnet
Windows Explorer explorer
Windows Features optionalfeatures
Windows Firewall firewall.cpl
Windows Firewall with Advanced Security wf.msc
Windows Magnifier magnify
Windows PowerShell powershell
Windows PowerShell ISE powershell_ise
Windows Version (About Windows) winver
WordPad write

CMD Commands

CMD Command Description
ARP Address Resolution Protocol
ASSOC Displays or modifies file extension associations.
ATTRIB Displays or changes file attributes.
BREAK Sets or clears extended CTRL+C checking.
BCDEDIT Sets properties in boot database to control boot loading.
CACLS Displays or modifies access control lists (ACLs) of files.
CALL Calls one batch program from another.
CD Displays the name of or changes the current directory.
CHCP Displays or sets the active code page number.
CHDIR Displays the name of or changes the current directory.
CHKDSK Checks a disk and displays a status report.
CHKNTFS Displays or modifies the checking of disk at boot time.
CLS Clears the screen.
COLOR Sets the default console foreground and background colors.
COMP Compares the contents of two files or sets of files.
COMPACT Displays or alters the compression of files on NTFS partitions.
CONVERT Converts FAT volumes to NTFS. You cannot convert the current drive.
COPY Copies one or more files to another location.
DATE Displays or sets the date.
DEL Deletes one or more files.
DIR Displays a list of files and subdirectories in a directory.
DISKPART Displays or configures Disk Partition properties.
DOSKEY Edits command lines, recalls Windows commands, and creates macros.
DRIVERQUERY Displays current device driver status and properties.
ECHO Displays messages, or turns command echoing on or off.
ENDLOCAL Ends localization of environment changes in a batch file.
ERASE Deletes one or more files.
EXIT Quits the CMD.EXE program (command interpreter).
FC Compares two files or sets of files, and displays the differences between them.
FIND Searches for a text string in a file or files.
FINDSTR Searches for strings in files.
FOR Runs a specified command for each file in a set of files.
FORMAT Formats a disk for use with Windows.
FSUTIL Displays or configures the file system properties.
FTP File Transfer Protocol
FTYPE Displays or modifies file types used in file extension associations.
GETMAC Display the Media Access Control (MAC) address
GOTO Directs the Windows command interpreter to a labeled line in a batch program.
GPRESULT Displays Group Policy information for machine or user.
GRAFTABL Enables Windows to display an extended character set in graphics mode.
HELP Provides Help information for Windows commands.
ICACLS Display, modify, backup, or restore ACLs for files and directories.
IF Performs conditional processing in batch programs.
LABEL Creates, changes, or deletes the volume label of a disk.
MD Creates a directory.
MKDIR Creates a directory.
MKLINK Creates Symbolic Links and Hard Links
MODE Configures a system device.
MORE Displays output one screen at a time.
MOVE Moves one or more files from one directory to another directory.
NBTSATA Display networking statistics (NetBIOS over TCP/IP)
NETSH Configure Network Interfaces, Windows Firewall & Remote access
NETSATA Display networking statistics (TCP/IP)
NSLOOKUP Name server lookup
OPENFILES Displays files opened by remote users for a file share.
PATH Displays or sets a search path for executable files.
PATHPING Trace route plus network latency and packet loss
PAUSE Suspends processing of a batch file and displays a message.
PING Test a network connection
POPD Restores the previous value of the current directory saved by PUSHD.
PRINT Prints a text file.
PROMPT Changes the Windows command prompt.
PUSHD Saves the current directory then changes it.
RD Removes a directory.
RECOVER Recovers readable information from a bad or defective disk.
REM Records comments (remarks) in batch files or CONFIG.SYS.
REN Renames a file or files.
RENAME Renames a file or files.
REPLACE Replaces files.
RMDIR Removes a directory.
ROBOCOPY Advanced utility to copy files and directory trees
ROUTE Manipulate network routing tables
SET Displays, sets, or removes Windows environment variables.
SETLOCAL Begins localization of environment changes in a batch file.
SC Displays or configures services (background processes).
SCHTASKS Schedules commands and programs to run on a computer.
SHIFT Shifts the position of replaceable parameters in batch files.
SHUTDOWN Allows proper local or remote shutdown of machine.
SORT Sorts input.
START Starts a separate window to run a specified program or command.
SUBST Associates a path with a drive letter.
SYSTEMINFO Displays machine specific properties and configuration.
TASKLIST Displays all currently running tasks including services.
TASKKILL Kill or stop a running process or application.
TELNET Communicate with another host using the TELNET protocol
TIME Displays or sets the system time.
TITLE Sets the window title for a CMD.EXE session.
TREE Graphically displays the directory structure of a drive or path.
TRACERT Trace route to a remote host
TYPE Displays the contents of a text file.
VER Displays the Windows version.
VERIFY Tells Windows whether to verify that your files are written correctly to a disk.
VOL Displays a disk volume label and serial number.
XCOPY Copies files and directory trees.
WMIC Displays WMI information inside interactive command shell.